Technical Newsletter vol.23 : The analysis for alloy developments
The analysis for alloy developments
Alloy development using EBSD
Electron Backscattered diffraction (EBSD), is an epoch-making crystal analytical method and widespread in the late 1990s to 2000s, thanks to the great improvement of calculation speed in the operation computer, attached to the EBSD system. The EBSD analysis device is installed with scanning microscopy (SEM), which is the same as energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) analysis device. The important feature of EBSD is crystal orientation determination in every single crystal grain. The orientation will be shown using the colour map, therefore, it is possible to observe the phase distribution or aggregate structure and eventually to calculate the proportion of phases. According to the computer system and software development, the blank area near the grain boundary is minimised and high-resolution analysis available.
Our titanium alloy observation example
We deploy EBSD for a new titanium alloy development, in cooperation with an external institute. The mechanical property of titanium alloy is determined by the construction ratio between α-phase and β-phase. Therefore, EBSD is indispensable to confirm the composition and crystal phase distribution, which support the mechanical property test result theoretically. The images below are an example of titanium alloy specimen EBSD analysis data. The crystal size and phase are clearly observed. The basics of EBSD is observing “Kikuchi pattern”, which is already known a long time in crystallography history, however, it consumes a huge amount of time to determine the phase if there is no computer-aided system. Currently, EBSD is widely and commonly applied for material development, which seemed to be unimaginable decades ago. It might be also feasible to develop super-alloys with the help of this technical evolution.
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